Breeding Insulation

Frequently Asked Questions

Pipe noise?

Is the piping isolated from the wall system? If not, it can turn the entire wall into a speaker that transmits all the pipe noise. Gypsum panels are the least conductors of noise.

Fill the wall cavities with a fibrous insulation product. An empty wall cavity can transmit and amplify noise.

What is Mechanical Insulation?

The simplest explanation is that it is used to prevent temperature loss/gain, protect against impacts, and reduce noise transmission.  

Mechanical Systems Insulation – Function

  • Thermal 
  • Sound
  • Freeze protection
  • Fire resistance
  • Condensation control
  • Safety
  • Compliance


  • Preformed – usually made from fiberglass or foam.  Since it is ordered by type of piping system, it fits tightly around the pipe and elbows.
  • Blanket – usually made from fiberglass, mineral wool, or foam.  It is produced to be flexible, and easy to wrap.
  • Rigid Board – usually made from polystyrene, polyurethane, or phenolic foam.  Typically used in very high temperature situations.


  • Fiberglass – glass fibers are woven together to form the insulation.  It is used for both hot and cold applications.  Because of its non-combustible nature, it is a good selection for fire resistance.
  • Foam – polystyrene or polyurethane.  Typically used on cold applications.  
  • Elastomeric – usually made of rubber or similar material.  Usually used on cold systems as it resists moisture and can prevent freezing.
  • Calcium Silicate – made from a combination of calcium oxide and silica.  Typically used in both extreme hot and cold conditions.
  • Ceramic Fiber – made from ceramic fiber.  It is used in particularly high temperature applications such as furnace and industrial piping.
  • Refractory – made from ceramics, like alumina, silica or zirconia.  Specifically for extreme high temperature applications.
  • Mineral wool – made from rock or slag and is similar to fiberglass in its properties and use.  
  • Phenolic foam – made from phenol and formaldehyde.  Used for both hot and cold applications and is also fire resistant.

Mechanical Insulation Calculator

Insulation is used for a variety of reasons, ranging from energy savings to condensation control. The Whole Building Design Group has collected a variety of calculators that system designers can use to determine the appropriate insulation thickness for the unique needs of their application. Each calculator has a detailed description of what it is and how to use it. Included are calculators for condensation control, energy loss, financial return, freeze time and personnel protection (burn prevention).

Leading the way

Breeding Insulation is qualified to provide you with a variety of services including:

Needs analysis
Product considerations
Cost savings recommendations

We provide detailed bids with scopes provided for projects of all sizes.


2802 Sheridan St.
Knoxville, Tn 37921


[email protected]


Please don’t hesitate to reach out with any questions or concerns. We are always happy to hear from you.

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